A chemical substance (such as hydroxide or carbonate of sodium or potassium) which reacts and neutralizes an acid.
A property of water soluble substances (or mixtures) causing the concentration of hydroxyl ions (OH-) in water solutions to be higher than the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+).
Unit of pressure.
1 bar = 0.9869 atmospheres
1 bar = 10000 Pa
The capability of organic matter to be decomposed by biological processes.
In a self-service wash, the arm extension that holds a hose and nozzle for washing the vehicle. The boom can be wall-mounted for 180° movement or ceiling-mounted for 360° movement.
British Thermal Units, a measure of energy.
A strong alkali. When used alone the term usually refers to caustic soda (sodium hydroxide).
Device to remove large dirt particles from reclaim water flow.
Unit of distance , commonly denoted by "cm".
1 inch = 2.54cm
1 cm = 10 mm
1 cm = 0.01 m
Cubic feet per minute.
Chemical Metering and Feed System:
Apparatus for delivering chemicals from the equipment room to the application in the wash bay.
Process of adding chlorine to water to inhibit bacterial growth.
Cloth Friction Wash:
Using wash material against the vehicle's surface to remove dirt.
In-ground device to align the vehicle wheels with a wash conveyor by providing a mechanism for the vehicle to slide laterally. The Correlator is located at the beginning of the entrance of the conveyor.
The ability to clean or remove soil. Generally detergency is associated with the action of a cleaning agent such as soap, detergent, alkaline salt, or a combination.
Fine particles of dirt and other debris in water not distinctly visible to the naked eye.
Carwash service that includes only a cleaning of the outside of the car. Often this refers to an unattended wash, where no detailing services are offered.
Female National Pipe Thread
Bubbles formed on liquids by the process of agitation.
"Free on board" means that the seller delivers when the goods are loaded. This means that the buyer has to bear all costs and risks of "loss of" or "damage" to the goods from that point.
FRP stands for Fibre Reinforced Plastic, it is made by puttings layers of glass fibres along with resin which makes it shock proof and sturdy. Since no metal in presnt, it does not corrode.
Front-to-Rear Cloth Mitter Curtains:
Cleaning material moving parallel with the travel of the vehicle.
A conveyorized or tunnel wash that provides a complete wash, vacuuming and drying, usually by hand.
Front Wheel Pull
A framework that spans a distance, often moving on wheels.
Not requiring lubrication.
Hand Wash (conveyorized):
A conveyor wash with workers wearing large mitts that wash the vehicle, rather than using mechanical mitters and side washers.
Hard Surface Cleaner:
A product formulated for cleaning painted surfaces, washable floor coverings, plastics, metals, porcelain, and other surfaces.
1 hp = 0.746 kW
Kilowatt : A unit of power.
1 kW = 1.341 hp
Kilowatt per hour. A unit to measure Energy used.
The measure of resistance to friction on a surface.
Unit of distance, commonly denoted by "m".
100 cm = 1m
1 m = 3.3 feet
One millionth of a meter.
Machine that suspends and oscillates wash material on the horizontal surfaces of a vehicle to effect cleaning of the top surfaces of an automobile
Motor Control Center:
Enclosure containing starters, switching, and overload protection devices for electric motors which are utilized throughout a carwash system to operate various motors on different devices and machines.
Not letting light pass through; not transparent or translucent
Type of conveyor that has hidden pushers continuously traveling on a level under the surface. Only when a pusher is needed to push a car is one lifted into the working position.
Process of injecting ozone into water to inhibit bacterial growth.
Self-contained in a single unit, mounted on a skid.
A measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, numerically equal to 7 for neutral solutions, increasing with increasing alkalinity and decreasing with increasing acidity. The pH scale commonly in use ranges from 0 to 14. [p(otential of) H(ydrogen).]
Programmable Logic Controller.
Foam applicator which applies a colored chemical to the vehicle as it passes through the wash bay. Provides extra service that generates additional revenue and is eye pleasing to the motorist.
Point of Sale.
Per square inch of air pressure.
Equipment which takes the waste water and removes dirt from the water. The effectiveness of the filter depends upon the media which is being used to filter water. Sand based multi media filters are common.
The removal of organic and suspended impurities from water by the use of one or more semi-permeable membranes.
Wax-like chemical applied to the vehicle surface after the final rinse for easier water removal during the drying process.
Portion of a vehicle's side that is below a straight line between the tops of both tires.
Roll Bar Assembly:
Rotating device that spans the correlator and directs a vehicle's tires onto the wash conveyor.
Carwash conveyor operational feature that moves a pusher into working position on the conveyor track to move a car through the carwash.
The type of wash where the customer drives into position and sits stationary while the equipment moves over and around the car.
A chemical applicator for the under side of the vehicle in the wash process that inhibits rust formation.
Rear Wheel Push
Pre-lubricated and not requiring additional lubrication.
A wash where the customer performs all the labor. Generally, the customer drives into a bay and washes the car by means of a high pressure hose and a foaming brush.
Pan-like dryer attachments filled with acoustical foam that cover the dryer producer inlets to reduce noise levels.
Skid mounted equipment:
An equipment which is mounted on a skid (frame). The equipment can be directly kept at the place of operation and used.
An equipment which removes the mud and sludge from the drain water. This equipment reduces the load on the Recycling System requiring less Backwashes. Some sludge separators have Oil separators also. If the oil quantity in the waste water is more, it can damage the filter media of the recycling system.
Carwash industry term synonymous with reverse osmosis.
Letting light pass through while diffusing it.
Triple Foam Wax:
It is special wax which produces dense foam.